Epub Ahead of Print

Late diagnosis of Paracetamol poisoning is always lethal in young adult

By Sehrish Naz, Safia Fatima, Muhammad Aamir,

Acetaminophen has a remarkable safety profile when prescribed in proper therapeutic doses but hepatotoxicity can occur when misused or after an overdo...


Radiologic findings of scapular langerhans cell histiocytosis successfully treated with CT guided corticosteroid injection

By Cennet Sahin, Burcin Agridag Ucpinar, Yunus Oc, Fevziye Kabukcuoglu,

Although Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) may arise from any bone, flat bones (skull, ribs, scapula, clavicle, and mandible) are more commonly invo...


Control of Refractory Hypercalcemia with Denosumab in a case of Metastatic Parathyroid Carcinoma

By Murat Çalapkulu, Ozen Oz Gul, Soner Cander, Canan Ersoy, Erdinc Erturk, Muhammed Fatih Sagiroglu, Ozlem Saraydaroglu,

Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare cause of hyperparathyroidism and leads to severe hypercalcemia. The etiology is not fully known. Parathyroid cancer sh...


Unilateral Optic Neuropathy Due To a Sphenoid Mucocoele

By Sana Nadeem, Amir Akbar, Aasma Nudrat Zafar,

Isolated sphenoid sinus mucocoeles are rare, benign lesions usually discovered incidentally. They can present with headache, diplopia, visual loss or ...


Snail Fever of The Bladder In A Non-Endemic Area – A Case Report From Pakistan

By Zehra Kazmi, Muhammad Areeb Ashfaq, Daniya Umer, Romana Idress, Muhammad Hammad Ather,

Schistosomiasis is rarely seen in Pakistan and is generally not very high on the list of differential diagnoses. However, it is an important cause of ...


Myxoid Liposarcoma with Cartilagenous Differentiation – A Case Report

By Hina Tariq, Tariq Sarfraz, Iqra Saeed,

Myxoid liposarcoma (MLPS) is an adipocytic tumour and second commonest among the types of liposarcoma. It exhibits a wide histological spectrum. It is...


Anaesthesia Management of a Patient with Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy: A Case Report

By Muhammad Yasir, Anwar Ul Huda,

We present anaesthesia management of a patient having Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency who underwent thyroidectomy. The main concer...


A case of systemic lupus erythematosus with malignant pleural mesothelioma in a 42-year woman

By Yunyun Liu, Jianlin Tong, Xuefeng Ling, Wa Cao, Dr Leifang,

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease characterized by inflammation. Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a...


Superficial Thrombophlebitis Caused By Extensively Drug Resistant Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhi

By Anam Imtiaz, Irfan Ali Mirza, Qanita Fahim, Nargis Sabir,

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi causes one of the most common blood stream infections, the typhoid fever. However, it can cause pyogenic infections ...


Malignant melanoma metastasis to sigmoid colon; new endoscopic appearance detected for the first time

By Ugur Kesici,

Malignant melanoma (MM) develops as a result of malignant transformation of melanocytes. It accounts for 4% of all skin cancers. MM metastases usually...


Silver-Russell Syndrome- Orthodontic Perspective

By Zahra Khalid, Kashif Iqbal, Abdullah Jan, Asif Khurshid,

Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare disorder characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, a relatively large head size with triangul...


Video-assisted thoracoscopic right inferior lobe resection for bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a 10-year child: A case report

By Fan Yang,

Bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a rare disease in the field of thoracic surgery, and it is even more rarer in children. A 10-year Chinese child ...


T-Cell Lymphoma Presenting With Bilateral Chylothorax: A Rarity

By Ibrahim Ethem Özsoy, Mehmet Akif Tezcan,

Chylothorax is the accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity due to obstruction or injury arising in the thoracic duct or its large branches. In mor...


Thinking of Unilateral Osteitis Condensans Ilii in the emergency room: case of a young pregnant female with back pain

By Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig,

Osteitis Condensans Ilii (OCI) remains an orthopedic diagnostic dilemma; moreover, such presentation in the emergency room (ER) is unique. Limited awa...


Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) In a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report

By Saad Waheed, Saima Gillani,

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an uncommon but a potentially fatal disease characterized by high grade fever, hepato-splenomegaly, derang...


Primary Intraarticular and Extraarticular Sinovial Chondromatosis in a Child: A rare cause of Shoulder Pain in Children

By Burcin Agridag Ucpinar, Cennet Sahin,

Synovial chondromatosis is a rare condition with chondroid metaplasia of the synovial membrane and multinodular proliferation of the synovial membrane...


CT-Guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma With Double Nidi In One Session: A Case Report

By Cennet Sahin, Eyup Camurcuoglu, Mehmet Ali Talmac, Mujdat Bankaoglu, Kerim Sahin,

Osteoid osteoma with multiple nidi is a rare condition. Aim of this report is to share a case of an osteoid osteoma with two separate nidi which under...


Nerve-preserving cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for advanced primary caecal cancer invading pelvic side-wall: Report of a case with right leg limping

By Ethem Unal, Abdullah Yildiz, Sema Yuksekdag,

Radical surgery to achieve optimal cytoreduction in locally advanced caecal cancer can dictate femoral or sciatic nerve resection, especially in cases...


Anaesthetic management of Tracheal injury following Blunt Neck trauma – An Unusual Late Presentation

By Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohammad Bin Pervez, Saulat Fatimi, Khalid Samad,

Tracheal injuries following blunt neck trauma are life threatening surgical emergencies with high risk of mortality. A high index of suspicion is nece...


A Rare Complication Chylous Ascites after Aortobifemoral Bypass Surgery

By Görkem Yiğit, Alp Yildirim, Mustafa Ozdemir, Anil Ozen, Hakki Zafer Iscan,

Injury of the lymphatic trunk during abdominal aortic surgery causes leakage of chyleinto the peritoneum resulting in chylous ascites. A 53-year male,...


AN OLD ENEMY: STILL NEPHROTOXIC

By Faruk Recep Ozalp, Tugba Karadeniz, Alper Alp,

Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) presents histopathologically as tubulitis and oedema/inflammation and fibrosis affecting the renal tubules and inte...


Brain Abscess caused by Lactococcus Lactis in a young male

By Intisar Ahmed, Kashif Aziz, Hameed Tareen, Muhammad Arslan Ahmed,

Lactococcus lactis cremoris is one of the gram positive cocci, not known to be pathogenic in humans. We report a case of brain abscess due to Lactococ...


Acute Hepatitis A Virus Infection as a Rare Cause of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: A Case Report

By Ali Dogan, Sinan Demircioglu, Omer Ekinci,

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disorder of the mononuclear phagocytic system characterized by histiocyte and lymphocyte activation...


Painless Posterior Scleritis ; A rare Presentation

By Summaya Khan, Mahum Faheem, Imran Basit, Ammarah Ashraf,

Posterior scleritis is an underdiagnosed condition due to its rarity and a misdiagnosed condition due to its varied presentation.1 Therefore, it is im...


Spectacle Cord Retained Oculo-Orbital Prosthesis: A Case Report

By Shefali Goel, Saumyendra V Singh, Neetu Singh, Deeksha Arya, Pooran Chand,

Retention of an orbital prosthesis plays a key role in treatment success and patient acceptance as does aesthetics. Though numerous retentive aids are...


Embolization of The Coronary Arterial Tree With Thick Contrast Material During Coronary Angiography: A Case Report

By Waleed M Ghaleb, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Mohsen Alarbash, Abdulrahman Aldiri-, Abdulhalim Jamal Kinsara,

A 58-year male was referred to our center with an acute inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). During the primary percutaneous coronary ...


Changes in Serum Protein and Enzyme Levels in Human T Lymphotropic Virus-1-Infected Patient

By Amer Abdulrahman Almaiman,

This study aims to evaluate the changes in serum protein levels in a patient with confirmed human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infection. Scre...


Littoral Cell Angioma of the spleen presenting with thrombocytosis and splenic infarct

By Nazmi özer, Alper Sozutek,

Littoral cell angioma is a non-hematologic vascular neoplasm originating from littoral cells lining the splenic red pulp. The diagnosis is usually mad...


Sarcoidosis Presenting With Bilateral Optic Disc Edema As The Initial Presentation: A Case Report

By Merve Beyza Yildiz, Sevcan Balci, Sehnaz Ozcaliskan, Ece Turan Vural,

Sarcoidosis is a chronic, progressive, granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects multiple organ systems. Granulomatous anter...


Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy Type 1 – A Hereditary Legacy

By Joel Pinto, Paulo Almeida, Flavio Pereira, Susana Cavadas,

Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy type 1 (FAP 1) is a systemic autosomal dominant amyloidosis associated with transthyretin mutation. It is characte...


challanges in management of multiple splenic abscesses caused by Extensively Drug Resistant (XDR)salmonella typhi

By Ch Muhammad Zubair, Muhammad Ameer Musa, Muhammad Musa Haider, Zulfiqar Ali Khosa,

Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Typhoid emerged in Hyderabad, Pakistan in 2016. It spread regionally and globally due to fast travelling. An immuno-c...


Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of the Testis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

By Tarık Demir, Altay Aliyev, Mesut Seker, Cevper Ersoz, Ganime Coban, Haci Mehmet Turk,

A 21-year male presenting with left testicular mass and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy underwent radical orchiectomy; and his pathological examinatio...


Sarcoidosis Presenting as Fatigue and Weakness

By Syed Muhammad Zubair, Naveed Haroon Rashid,

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown cause that occurs in both men and women of all races. It typically presents in patients af...


Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma of posterior maxilla in a nine year old child. A case report

By Hamza Hassan Mirza, Abul Khair Zalan, Anser Maxood, Anika Gul, Zainab Memon, Muhammad Sulaiman,

Peripheral giant cell granuloma is a relatively uncommon benign reactive gingival lesion of the oral cavity. A 9-year boy presented with a painless, s...


CLADOPHIALOPHORA BANTIANA AS A CAUSE OF RARE FUNGAL BRAIN ABSCESS: A CASE SERIES

By Zafar Ali, Muhammad Usman, Usama Rehman, Fatima Anwar,

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis refers to Central Nervous System infection caused by dematiaceous molds, which have many genuses. Cladophialophora bantian...


Management of A Firmly Lodged Endotracheal Tube: A Case of High Quality Communication

By Gabrielle Thompson, Mark Harrison, Hassan Ahmad,

This article describes a case of endotracheal tube firmly lodged in the trachea of a patient due to denuded subglottic cartilage and subglottic swelli...


Parachute mitral valve: anatomy and operation

By Shi-min Yuan,

Parachute mitral valve is a rare congenital heart defect characterised by a distorted mitral geometry with a single papillary muscle for all mitral ch...


Spectrum of Addison’s Disease in Children

By Taj Muhammad Laghari, Mohsina Noor Ibrahim, Zubair Khoso, Misbah Iqbal Hanif, Meher Un Nisa, Jamal Raza,

Objective:  To determine the clinical presentation of Addison’s disease in order to increase the awareness of presentation in Pakistani children. ...


Damage Control Surgery Saves Patient With Gastric Lymphoma From Radical Gastrectomy

By Gang Chen, Min-min Zhang, Jun-min Zhu, Jie Mao, Yu-min Li,

The concept of damage control surgery was first introduced in the 1990s. It has great significance in the treatment for critically ill patients, which...


Primary renal leiomyosarcoma

By Changyi Quan, Yunshen Ding,

To optimise the diagnosis and treatment of primary renal leiomyosarcoma, we present    our experience with a similar case and review the literature...


Novel inflammation biomarkers in patients with mycosis fungoides treated with bexarotene

By Funda Tamer, Ayla Gulekon,

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a skin lymphoma characterized by atypical T lymphocyte infiltration which may present with patches and tumors in advanced st...


Adenocarcinoma in orthotopic neobladder 19 years after radical cystoprostatectomy

By Orkunt Ozkaptan, Alkan Cubuk, Erdinc Dincer, Osman Murat Ipek,

Radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder are the most preferred surgical approaches for the treatment of invasive bladder cancer. Secondary tumour...


A CASE OF 45 YEAR OLD MAN WHO SUCCUMBED TO CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 2019 (COVID-19)

By Muhammad Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Ameen Khan,

We present a case of a 45-year male with history of fever, cough followed by shortness of breath, lethargy and confusion at home. He was a known hyper...


Intentional Replantation for a Right Mandibular Premolar: A Case Report

By Sheng-jin Xue, Qing-bin Zhang, Wei-qun Guan,

The present study reports a case of intentional replantation (IR) for a right mandibular second premolar (#45). For the present case, root canal retre...


Surgical Management Of Penetrating Duodenal Injury: Role Of Primary Repair

By Umit Turan, Huseyin Kilavuz,

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of the primary repair in penetrating duodenal injuries. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Place and ...


Synchronous breast cancer and renal leiomyoma; a case report

By Caner Ediz, Neslihan Kaya, Serkan Akan,

We present a case of a 49-year Turkish woman who had synchronous renal leiomyoma and breast cancer. The patient was evaluated for a suspicious breast ...


Myomectomy for a large submucosal fibroid at the time of caesarean section: A case report

By Jian An, Jinxiao Lin, Pengming Sun,

Submucosal uterine fibroids are usually associated with infertility and miscarriage. Hence, term pregnancies with large submucosal fibroids are rare i...


Topiramate induced acute transient myopia and angle narrowing : case series

By Summaya Khan, Ammarah Ashraf Awan, Hassaan Javaid, Muhammad Azeem Khizer,

Sulphamate drugs, widely prescribed for various systemic conditions, are reported to have rare ocular adverse-effects, usually within weeks of initiat...


Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in a Previously Operated Kidney

By Adnan Siddiq Awan, Shoaib Mithani, Fakhir Yousuf, Shakeel Haseeb, Waqar Hassan, Suneel Kumar,

Objective: To ascertain the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithomy in patients with previous open renal surgery. Design: Descripti...


CT Scan Findings of Five Mildly Symptomatic COVID Patients From India

By Sanjith Saseedharan, Vaijanti Kadam, Roopa Karanam, Paritosh Baghel,

The outbreak of the SARS-Cov-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome – Coronavirus 2) viral pandemic which started at Wuhan China has spread to 200 cou...


Primary T-Cell Lymphoma of The Parotid Gland

By Osman Ilkay Ozdamar, Gul Ozbilen Acar, Servet Karaca, M Tayyar Kalcioglu, Tulay Zenginkinet,

Primary malignant lymphomas of parotid gland are very rare. Most are B-cell lymphomas, and T-cell lymphomas are very rare. Unfortunately, fine needle ...


Gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland type: A clinicopathological observation

By Lixin Wang, Gang Chen, Jinggui Jiang,

We investigated the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of a patient with gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland ty...


Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma presenting with diffuse pancreatic enlargement: A case report

By Hongwei Li, Yaping Wu, Xiaodan Xiang, Jun Zhou, Qian Li,

Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare tumor of the exocrine pancreas. It accounts for only 1% of all pancreatic malignancies. A 39-year-ol...


Management Strategy for a Patient with Coexistence of Meningioma and Paraophthalmic Aneurysm

By Burak Kınalı, Mehmet Senoglu, Evren Sandal, Gauravjot Sandhu, Ali Karadag,

The coexistence of intracerebral aneurysm and meningioma is a rare occurrence. There is no consensus about the treatment options. We aim to present a ...


High Flow Nasal Cannula therapy in children with Acute Respiratory Insufficiency in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of a resource limited country-a preliminary experience

By Bushra Saeed, Asim Azim, Anwar Ul Haque, Qalab Abbas,

A retrospective study was performed to determine the frequency, efficacy and adverse effects of High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) therapy in the Pediatri...


Sofosbuvir-Based Treatment For Hcv: A Safe Option In Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

By Adnan Salim, Muhammad Omer Farooq, Farhan Ul Amin Mengal, Kashif Malik,

The objectives were to ascertain safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir in patients undergoing hemodialysis. 23 HCV infected patients undergoing hemodialys...


Tissue Nuclear matrix protein 22 expression in various grades and stages of Bladder Cancer.

By Quratulain Mati, Samina Qamar, Usma Arshad,

OBJECTIVE: To study the tissue NMP22 expression in bladder carcinoma biopsy and correlate with prognostic factors like stage and grade of bladder canc...


Atypical Polypoid Adenomyoma (APAM): A rare case

By Lubna Javed, Nadia Ashraf, Amtullah Zareen, Mashaal Sabqat,

Atypical Polypoid Adenomyoma (APAM) is a rare polypoidal benign tumor of uterus which usually presents with irregular vaginal bleeding in women of rep...


A rare case of posterior interosseous nerve palsy post-venepuncture

By Raymond Dieu Kiat Yeak, Yee Yee Yap, Nizlan M Nasir,

Wrist drop post-venepuncture is uncommon. There has been reported cases of direct injury to the radial nerve during venepuncture but to our knowledge,...


Acrometastasis of Laryngeal Carcinoma to the Finger: A Case Report

By Cengiz Karacin, Sema Turker, Dogan Yazilitas, Tulay Eren, Tugba Taskin Turkmenoglu,

Distant metastasis of laryngeal carcinoma occurs at a rate of  4%-12%, with the most common sites being the lungs, liver and bone. Acrometastasis oc...


Vaginal Leiomyoma Presenting As Pelvic Organ Prolapse In Pregnancy

By Saida Abrar, Dr Raheela Mohsin,

Vaginal leiomyomas are extremely rare in pregnancy. These can present in a variety of ways. They can cause mechanical obstruction leading to maternal ...


Pituitary Stalk Interruption Syndrome in a 54-year adult male: a case report and review of literature

By Lu Wenwen, Fan Xiaofen, Yu Guoyou, Wu Guolin,

Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a rare disease with isolated growth hormone deficiency or multiple anterior pituitary hormone deficien...


Odontogenic Keratocyst: A Rare Presentation In Anterior Maxilla

By Snehal Dilip Lunawat, Varun R Kunte, Ajay R Bhoosreddy, Lalitkumar Gade, Rekha Swapnil Patil,

The odontogenic keratocyst is an enigmatic developmental cyst that deserves special attention. It has characteristic histopathological and clinical fe...


Use of Eculizumab in Thrombotic Microangiopathy Associated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

By Sinan Demircioğlu, Ali Dogan, Cengiz Demir,

Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains a difficult complication due to its high mortality ra...


Tuberculous spondylodiscitis after lumbar microdiscectomy: A rare case report

By Özkan Özger, Necati Kaplan,

Postoperative spondylodiscitis (PSD) and postoperative osteomyelitis (POM) are known complications of lumbar disc surgery. Many infectious agents play...


Craniofacial Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis– A Rare Case Report

By Suriyakala M, Dr Sreela L.s, Dr Twinkle S Prasad, Dr Philips Mathew, Dr Admaja K Nair,

           Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare haematological disorder characterized by accumulation and abnormal proliferation of...


Hypersensitivity pneumonitis in a pediatric patient: a case report

By Madiha Naz, Shazia Parveen, Afsheen Asghar Khan, Fauzia Waqar,

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a rarely diagnosed interstitial lung disease with variable manifestations. It results from repeated inhalation of...


Quality Assurance Audit of Digital Intraoral Periapical Radiographs at the Undergraduate Dental Clinics

By Muhammad Qasim Javed, Shaul Hameed Kolarkodi, Arham Riaz, Shazia Nawabi,

Objective: To assess the quality of digital intraoral periapical radiographs by investigating the percentage of radiographic images that satisfied the...


A difficult road for percutaneous coronary intervention in a single coronary artery anomaly

By Kerim Esenboga, Emir Baskovski, Nil Ozyuncu, Eralp Tutar,

Coronary artery anomalies are frequently asymptomatic clinical entities associated with variable prognosis. Single coronary artery anomaly is a rare t...


A Young Man with a Rare Case of Adrenal Incidentaloma

By Usama Bin Khalid, Qurat Ul Ain, Muhammad Aamir, Shahrukh Shah, Shakeel Ahmad, Zujaja Hina Haroon,

Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) are adrenal masses discovered as incidental finding, often on imaging studies, unrelated to adrenal disorders. Sometimes,...


Diarrhoea: An atypical presentation of COVID-19

By Saad Khan, Zeeshan Ahmad, Fahad Khan, Hamza Asif, Asma Zia Ur Rahman,

Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) is a viral pneumonia caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease started as ...


Clinicopathological Features of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms

By Abdusselam Sekerci, Haci Mehmet Turk, Tarik Demir, Mesut Seker, Adem Akcakaya, Dilek Sema Arici,

Objective: To describe the clinical, pathological and survival characteristics of Turkish patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm...


Comparison of brachiobasilic transposition arteriovenous fistula outcomes among diabetic and non-diabetic patients: A case controlled study

By Zia Ur Rehman, Waryam Muhammad Saleh, Anum Sadruddin Pidani,

Diabetes is considered a risk factor for arteriovenous fistula failure and increased perioperative complications but this view is not proven for patie...


Efficacy of Low Dose Naltrexone in Psoriasis

By Sidra Khan, Rabia Ghafoor, Sana Kaleem,

Objective: To determine the efficacy of low dose naltrexone in the patients of psoriasis. Study Design: Non-randomised clinical trial. Place and...


A Case of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma With Cardiac Involvement Incidently Diagnosed on Cardiac Imaging

By Asif Husain Osmani,

Cardiac lymphomas, either primary or secondary, are mostly of B cell lineage; among which, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common. S...


Meta-analysis of the value of cardiac nuclear magnetic resonance in the diagnosis of viral myocarditis

By Juan Xu, Yikai Xu,

The aim of the study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in viral myocarditis by meta-analysis. PubMed, EM...


Vascular Occlusion Role ın the Etiopathohegenesis of Idiopathic Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss: Risk Analysis with Hematological Parameters

By Selcuk Yildiz, Sema Zer Toros,

Objective: To evaluate the concomittant metabolic disorders, mean platelet volume (MPV), and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients with idi...


Colonic Metastasis From Primary Tonsillar Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Rare Cause of Large Bowel Obstruction

By Tayfun Kaya, Semra Demirli Atıcı, Dudu Solakolu Kahraman, Huseyin Salih Semiz, Duygu Kahraman,

Tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma is a subtype of head and neck cancers which rarely metastasizes to the colorectal system. Colonic metastasis seconda...


Chryseobacterium indologenes bacteraemia: a potential cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis in a full-term baby

By Siba Prosad Paul, Paul Anthony Heaton,

Chryseobacterium indologenes is considered as an emerging pathogen known to cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis in children.  It has been rep...


Role of TLR4/NF-κB Signalling Pathway in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

By Zhi Tong ZUO, Ya Ma, Yan Sun, Cui Qing Bai, Hai Yue Zhou, Bao Hua Chen,

Objective: To determine the role of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/ nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signalling pathway in pulmonary arterial hypertension...


Correlation between Clinical Factors and Prognosis in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

By Wen-xin Chen, Xiao-wei Liu, Xiao-qing Zhao, Shu-ying Zhao, Huai-xiu Yan, Yong-ji Lou,

Objective: To explore the correlation between clinical factors and the prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM). Study Design: A cohort study. Place ...


Scheuermann’s Disease as a Risk Factor for Lumbar Disc Herniation Recurrence

By Yan Ding, Shiqiao Lv, Guangrun Li, Shengjie Dong, Xuri Sun, Yunzhen Chen,

Objective: To verify whether Scheuermann’s disease (SD) is a risk factor for patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH) than in patients ...


Pleomorphic Adenoma Of Minor Salivary Glands: A Case Report

By Sahar Usman, Sufyan Ahmed, Sana Iqbal, Ayesha Aslam,

Pleomorphic adenoma is a benign tumor of salivary glands. Pleomorphic adenoma arising from minor salivary glands is very rare and presents with a mino...


Levels of Ischemia: Modified Albumin in Patients Undergoing On-pump Coronary Artery Bypass

By Kadir Kaan Özsin, Abdullah Burak Balci, Umut Serhat Sanri, Orhan Guvenc, Senol Yavuz,

Objective: To investigate the effect of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA)  during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Study Design: Observational study. ...


Rare Presentations oF Rapidly Growing Liposarcomas

By Arifa Javed, Jafar Haghshenas, Scott Sholem, Farooq Shahzad, Jamshed Zuberi,

Liposarcomas (LSs) are a rare form of malignant tumors. They are the most common primary neoplasms of the retroperitoneum. While these tumors rarely m...


Prognostic Importance of Metastatic Site in Intermediate-risk Group Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer Treated with Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

By Cengiz Karacin, Irem Bilgetekin, Fatma Bugdayci Basal, Omur Berna Oksuzoglu,

Objective: To determine the prognostic importance of metastatic site in International Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma Database Consortium (IMDC) inter...


Diagnostic value of Mean Elasticity index as a quantitative Shear wave Elastography parameter for prediction of malignancy in small suspicious solid thyroid nodules

By Saba Sohail, Sammera Khaiq-uz Zaman, ,

Objective:  To determine the diagnostic accuracy of Mean Elasticity Index (Emean) on quantitative Shear wave Elastography (SWE) in detection of malig...


Systemic inflammatory biomarkers in patients with Fuchs’ uveitis syndrome: neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio

By Sevcan Yildiz Balci, Alev Ozcelik Kose, Merve Beyza Yildiz, Sehnaz Ozcaliskan,

Objective: To evaluate the neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with Fuchs’ uveitis syndrome (FUS...


Scabies Surrepticius (Bullous Scabies) Presenting As Bullous Impetigo In A Child: A Case Report

By Rao MUHAMMAD ABID Khan, Asma Muzammil, Sualleha Siddiqi, Shazia MUHAMMAD Qasim, Ali Nadeem,

Bullous scabies (BS) is a rare and atypical presentation of scabies usually affecting elderly males during seventh decade of life. BS is characterized...


A CASE OF LUNG ABSCESS MIMICKING LUNG CANCER

By Nevhiz Gundogdu,

The radiological appearance of lung abscess is nonspecific and can masquerade as a mass lesion during the early phase. The treatment is primarily medi...


Efficacy and safety of semi-rigid ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS) for proximal ureteral stone > 10mm: A Retrospective Cohort Study

By Muhibullah Bangash, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Salman Jamil, Muhammad Owais Abdul Ghani, Suniya Naeem,

  Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the semi-rigid URS with pneumatic lithotripsy for the treatment of large (>10mm) proximal...


A Combination Technique for Accurate Location and Debridement of Pathological Lesion in Femoral Head

By Qilin Lu, Jin Tang, Xianhua Cai, Shijun Wei, Xugui Li,

Debridement with bone grafting is a feasible and effective joint preserving method for early stage avascular necrosis and benign tumor of the femoral ...


Severe Hyponatremia of 103 Mmol/L With No Symptoms in A 65 Year Old Man – A Case Report

By LAWSON EKPE, Emin Emin, Lawrence Onuche, Kingsley Osuji,

Hyponatremia is regarded as the most common electrolyte imbalance among hospitalized patients. Most hyponatremic conditions present with various degre...