Epub Ahead of Print

Unilateral Optic Neuropathy Due To a Sphenoid Mucocoele

By Sana Nadeem, Amir Akbar, Aasma Nudrat Zafar,

Isolated sphenoid sinus mucocoeles are rare, benign lesions usually discovered incidentally. They can present with headache, diplopia, visual loss or ...


Myxoid Liposarcoma with Cartilagenous Differentiation – A Case Report

By Hina Tariq, Tariq Sarfraz, Iqra Saeed,

Myxoid liposarcoma (MLPS) is an adipocytic tumour and second commonest among the types of liposarcoma. It exhibits a wide histological spectrum. It is...


Anaesthesia Management of a Patient with Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency Undergoing Total Thyroidectomy: A Case Report

By Muhammad Yasir, Anwar Ul Huda,

We present anaesthesia management of a patient having Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency who underwent thyroidectomy. The main concer...


A case of systemic lupus erythematosus with malignant pleural mesothelioma in a 42-year woman

By Yunyun Liu, Jianlin Tong, Xuefeng Ling, Wa Cao, Dr Leifang,

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease characterized by inflammation. Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a...


Superficial Thrombophlebitis Caused By Extensively Drug Resistant Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhi

By Anam Imtiaz, Irfan Ali Mirza, Qanita Fahim, Nargis Sabir,

Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi causes one of the most common blood stream infections, the typhoid fever. However, it can cause pyogenic infections ...


Malignant melanoma metastasis to sigmoid colon; new endoscopic appearance detected for the first time

By Ugur Kesici,

Malignant melanoma (MM) develops as a result of malignant transformation of melanocytes. It accounts for 4% of all skin cancers. MM metastases usually...


Silver-Russell Syndrome- Orthodontic Perspective

By Zahra Khalid, Kashif Iqbal, Abdullah Jan, Asif Khurshid,

Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare disorder characterized by prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, a relatively large head size with triangul...


Video-assisted thoracoscopic right inferior lobe resection for bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a 10-year child: A case report

By Fan Yang,

Bronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a rare disease in the field of thoracic surgery, and it is even more rarer in children. A 10-year Chinese child ...


T-Cell Lymphoma Presenting With Bilateral Chylothorax: A Rarity

By Ibrahim Ethem Özsoy, Mehmet Akif Tezcan,

Chylothorax is the accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity due to obstruction or injury arising in the thoracic duct or its large branches. In mor...


Thinking of Unilateral Osteitis Condensans Ilii in the emergency room: case of a young pregnant female with back pain

By Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig,

Osteitis Condensans Ilii (OCI) remains an orthopedic diagnostic dilemma; moreover, such presentation in the emergency room (ER) is unique. Limited awa...


Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) In a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report

By Saad Waheed, Saima Gillani,

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an uncommon but a potentially fatal disease characterized by high grade fever, hepato-splenomegaly, derang...


Primary Intraarticular and Extraarticular Sinovial Chondromatosis in a Child: A rare cause of Shoulder Pain in Children

By Burcin Agridag Ucpinar, Cennet Sahin,

Synovial chondromatosis is a rare condition with chondroid metaplasia of the synovial membrane and multinodular proliferation of the synovial membrane...


CT-Guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma With Double Nidi In One Session: A Case Report

By Cennet Sahin, Eyup Camurcuoglu, Mehmet Ali Talmac, Mujdat Bankaoglu, Kerim Sahin,

Osteoid osteoma with multiple nidi is a rare condition. Aim of this report is to share a case of an osteoid osteoma with two separate nidi which under...


Nerve-preserving cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy for advanced primary caecal cancer invading pelvic side-wall: Report of a case with right leg limping

By Ethem Unal, Abdullah Yildiz, Sema Yuksekdag,

Radical surgery to achieve optimal cytoreduction in locally advanced caecal cancer can dictate femoral or sciatic nerve resection, especially in cases...


Anaesthetic management of Tracheal injury following Blunt Neck trauma – An Unusual Late Presentation

By Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohammad Bin Pervez, Saulat Fatimi, Khalid Samad,

Tracheal injuries following blunt neck trauma are life threatening surgical emergencies with high risk of mortality. A high index of suspicion is nece...


A Rare Complication Chylous Ascites after Aortobifemoral Bypass Surgery

By Görkem Yiğit, Alp Yildirim, Mustafa Ozdemir, Anil Ozen, Hakki Zafer Iscan,

Injury of the lymphatic trunk during abdominal aortic surgery causes leakage of chyleinto the peritoneum resulting in chylous ascites. A 53-year male,...


AN OLD ENEMY: STILL NEPHROTOXIC

By Faruk Recep Ozalp, Tugba Karadeniz, Alper Alp,

Tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) presents histopathologically as tubulitis and oedema/inflammation and fibrosis affecting the renal tubules and inte...


Brain Abscess caused by Lactococcus Lactis in a young male

By Intisar Ahmed, Kashif Aziz, Hameed Tareen, Muhammad Arslan Ahmed,

Lactococcus lactis cremoris is one of the gram positive cocci, not known to be pathogenic in humans. We report a case of brain abscess due to Lactococ...


Acute Hepatitis A Virus Infection as a Rare Cause of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis: A Case Report

By Ali Dogan, Sinan Demircioglu, Omer Ekinci,

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare disorder of the mononuclear phagocytic system characterized by histiocyte and lymphocyte activation...


Painless Posterior Scleritis ; A rare Presentation

By Summaya Khan, Mahum Faheem, Imran Basit, Ammarah Ashraf,

Posterior scleritis is an underdiagnosed condition due to its rarity and a misdiagnosed condition due to its varied presentation.1 Therefore, it is im...


Spectacle Cord Retained Oculo-Orbital Prosthesis: A Case Report

By Shefali Goel, Saumyendra V Singh, Neetu Singh, Deeksha Arya, Pooran Chand,

Retention of an orbital prosthesis plays a key role in treatment success and patient acceptance as does aesthetics. Though numerous retentive aids are...


Embolization of The Coronary Arterial Tree With Thick Contrast Material During Coronary Angiography: A Case Report

By Waleed M Ghaleb, Abdelfatah Elasfar, Mohsen Alarbash, Abdulrahman Aldiri-, Abdulhalim Jamal Kinsara,

A 58-year male was referred to our center with an acute inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). During the primary percutaneous coronary ...


Changes in Serum Protein and Enzyme Levels in Human T Lymphotropic Virus-1-Infected Patient

By Amer Abdulrahman Almaiman,

This study aims to evaluate the changes in serum protein levels in a patient with confirmed human T lymphotropic virus type-1 (HTLV-1) infection. Scre...


Littoral Cell Angioma of the spleen presenting with thrombocytosis and splenic infarct

By Nazmi özer, Alper Sozutek,

Littoral cell angioma is a non-hematologic vascular neoplasm originating from littoral cells lining the splenic red pulp. The diagnosis is usually mad...


Sarcoidosis Presenting With Bilateral Optic Disc Edema As The Initial Presentation: A Case Report

By Merve Beyza Yildiz, Sevcan Balci, Sehnaz Ozcaliskan, Ece Turan Vural,

Sarcoidosis is a chronic, progressive, granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown etiology that affects multiple organ systems. Granulomatous anter...


Familial Amyloidotic Polyneuropathy Type 1 – A Hereditary Legacy

By Joel Pinto, Paulo Almeida, Flavio Pereira, Susana Cavadas,

Familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy type 1 (FAP 1) is a systemic autosomal dominant amyloidosis associated with transthyretin mutation. It is characte...


challanges in management of multiple splenic abscesses caused by Extensively Drug Resistant (XDR)salmonella typhi

By Ch Muhammad Zubair, Muhammad Ameer Musa, Muhammad Musa Haider, Zulfiqar Ali Khosa,

Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Typhoid emerged in Hyderabad, Pakistan in 2016. It spread regionally and globally due to fast travelling. An immuno-c...


Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of the Testis: A Case Report and Review of Literature

By Tarık Demir, Altay Aliyev, Mesut Seker, Cevper Ersoz, Ganime Coban, Haci Mehmet Turk,

A 21-year male presenting with left testicular mass and retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy underwent radical orchiectomy; and his pathological examinatio...


Sarcoidosis Presenting as Fatigue and Weakness

By Syed Muhammad Zubair, Naveed Haroon Rashid,

Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown cause that occurs in both men and women of all races. It typically presents in patients af...


Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma of posterior maxilla in a nine year old child. A case report

By Hamza Hassan Mirza, Abul Khair Zalan, Anser Maxood, Anika Gul, Zainab Memon, Muhammad Sulaiman,

Peripheral giant cell granuloma is a relatively uncommon benign reactive gingival lesion of the oral cavity. A 9-year boy presented with a painless, s...


CLADOPHIALOPHORA BANTIANA AS A CAUSE OF RARE FUNGAL BRAIN ABSCESS: A CASE SERIES

By Zafar Ali, Muhammad Usman, Usama Rehman, Fatima Anwar,

Cerebral phaeohyphomycosis refers to Central Nervous System infection caused by dematiaceous molds, which have many genuses. Cladophialophora bantian...


Management of A Firmly Lodged Endotracheal Tube: A Case of High Quality Communication

By Gabrielle Thompson, Mark Harrison, Hassan Ahmad,

This article describes a case of endotracheal tube firmly lodged in the trachea of a patient due to denuded subglottic cartilage and subglottic swelli...


Parachute mitral valve: anatomy and operation

By Shi-min Yuan,

Parachute mitral valve is a rare congenital heart defect characterised by a distorted mitral geometry with a single papillary muscle for all mitral ch...


Spectrum of Addison’s Disease in Children

By Taj Muhammad Laghari, Mohsina Noor Ibrahim, Zubair Khoso, Misbah Iqbal Hanif, Meher Un Nisa, Jamal Raza,

Objective:  To determine the clinical presentation of Addison’s disease in order to increase the awareness of presentation in Pakistani children. ...


Damage Control Surgery Saves Patient With Gastric Lymphoma From Radical Gastrectomy

By Gang Chen, Min-min Zhang, Jun-min Zhu, Jie Mao, Yu-min Li,

The concept of damage control surgery was first introduced in the 1990s. It has great significance in the treatment for critically ill patients, which...


Primary renal leiomyosarcoma

By Changyi Quan, Yunshen Ding,

To optimise the diagnosis and treatment of primary renal leiomyosarcoma, we present    our experience with a similar case and review the literature...


Novel inflammation biomarkers in patients with mycosis fungoides treated with bexarotene

By Funda Tamer, Ayla Gulekon,

Mycosis fungoides (MF) is a skin lymphoma characterized by atypical T lymphocyte infiltration which may present with patches and tumors in advanced st...


Adenocarcinoma in orthotopic neobladder 19 years after radical cystoprostatectomy

By Orkunt Ozkaptan, Alkan Cubuk, Erdinc Dincer, Osman Murat Ipek,

Radical cystectomy and orthotopic neobladder are the most preferred surgical approaches for the treatment of invasive bladder cancer. Secondary tumour...


Intentional Replantation for a Right Mandibular Premolar: A Case Report

By Sheng-jin Xue, Qing-bin Zhang, Wei-qun Guan,

The present study reports a case of intentional replantation (IR) for a right mandibular second premolar (#45). For the present case, root canal retre...


Surgical Management Of Penetrating Duodenal Injury: Role Of Primary Repair

By Umit Turan, Huseyin Kilavuz,

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of the primary repair in penetrating duodenal injuries. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Place and ...


Synchronous breast cancer and renal leiomyoma; a case report

By Caner Ediz, Neslihan Kaya, Serkan Akan,

We present a case of a 49-year Turkish woman who had synchronous renal leiomyoma and breast cancer. The patient was evaluated for a suspicious breast ...


Myomectomy for a large submucosal fibroid at the time of caesarean section: A case report

By Jian An, Jinxiao Lin, Pengming Sun,

Submucosal uterine fibroids are usually associated with infertility and miscarriage. Hence, term pregnancies with large submucosal fibroids are rare i...


Topiramate induced acute transient myopia and angle narrowing : case series

By Summaya Khan, Ammarah Ashraf Awan, Hassaan Javaid, Muhammad Azeem Khizer,

Sulphamate drugs, widely prescribed for various systemic conditions, are reported to have rare ocular adverse-effects, usually within weeks of initiat...


Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in a Previously Operated Kidney

By Adnan Siddiq Awan, Shoaib Mithani, Fakhir Yousuf, Shakeel Haseeb, Waqar Hassan, Suneel Kumar,

Objective: To ascertain the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithomy in patients with previous open renal surgery. Design: Descripti...


Primary T-Cell Lymphoma of The Parotid Gland

By Osman Ilkay Ozdamar, Gul Ozbilen Acar, Servet Karaca, M Tayyar Kalcioglu, Tulay Zenginkinet,

Primary malignant lymphomas of parotid gland are very rare. Most are B-cell lymphomas, and T-cell lymphomas are very rare. Unfortunately, fine needle ...


Gastric adenocarcinoma of fundic gland type: A clinicopathological observation

By Lixin Wang, Gang Chen, Jinggui Jiang,

We investigated the clinicopathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of a patient with gastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland ty...


Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma presenting with diffuse pancreatic enlargement: A case report

By Hongwei Li, Yaping Wu, Xiaodan Xiang, Jun Zhou, Qian Li,

Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare tumor of the exocrine pancreas. It accounts for only 1% of all pancreatic malignancies. A 39-year-ol...


Management Strategy for a Patient with Coexistence of Meningioma and Paraophthalmic Aneurysm

By Burak Kınalı, Mehmet Senoglu, Evren Sandal, Gauravjot Sandhu, Ali Karadag,

The coexistence of intracerebral aneurysm and meningioma is a rare occurrence. There is no consensus about the treatment options. We aim to present a ...


High Flow Nasal Cannula therapy in children with Acute Respiratory Insufficiency in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of a resource limited country-a preliminary experience

By Bushra Saeed, Asim Azim, Anwar Ul Haque, Qalab Abbas,

A retrospective study was performed to determine the frequency, efficacy and adverse effects of High Flow Nasal Cannula (HFNC) therapy in the Pediatri...


Sofosbuvir-Based Treatment For Hcv: A Safe Option In Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

By Adnan Salim, Muhammad Omer Farooq, Farhan Ul Amin Mengal, Kashif Malik,

The objectives were to ascertain safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir in patients undergoing hemodialysis. 23 HCV infected patients undergoing hemodialys...


Tissue Nuclear matrix protein 22 expression in various grades and stages of Bladder Cancer.

By Quratulain Mati, Samina Qamar, Usma Arshad,

OBJECTIVE: To study the tissue NMP22 expression in bladder carcinoma biopsy and correlate with prognostic factors like stage and grade of bladder canc...


Atypical Polypoid Adenomyoma (APAM): A rare case

By Lubna Javed, Nadia Ashraf, Amtullah Zareen, Mashaal Sabqat,

Atypical Polypoid Adenomyoma (APAM) is a rare polypoidal benign tumor of uterus which usually presents with irregular vaginal bleeding in women of rep...


A rare case of posterior interosseous nerve palsy post-venepuncture

By Raymond Dieu Kiat Yeak, Yee Yee Yap, Nizlan M Nasir,

Wrist drop post-venepuncture is uncommon. There has been reported cases of direct injury to the radial nerve during venepuncture but to our knowledge,...


Acrometastasis of Laryngeal Carcinoma to the Finger: A Case Report

By Cengiz Karacin, Sema Turker, Dogan Yazilitas, Tulay Eren, Tugba Taskin Turkmenoglu,

Distant metastasis of laryngeal carcinoma occurs at a rate of  4%-12%, with the most common sites being the lungs, liver and bone. Acrometastasis oc...


Vaginal Leiomyoma Presenting As Pelvic Organ Prolapse In Pregnancy

By Saida Abrar, Dr Raheela Mohsin,

Vaginal leiomyomas are extremely rare in pregnancy. These can present in a variety of ways. They can cause mechanical obstruction leading to maternal ...


Pituitary Stalk Interruption Syndrome in a 54-year adult male: a case report and review of literature

By Lu Wenwen, Fan Xiaofen, Yu Guoyou, Wu Guolin,

Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome (PSIS) is a rare disease with isolated growth hormone deficiency or multiple anterior pituitary hormone deficien...


Odontogenic Keratocyst: A Rare Presentation In Anterior Maxilla

By Snehal Dilip Lunawat, Varun R Kunte, Ajay R Bhoosreddy, Lalitkumar Gade, Rekha Swapnil Patil,

The odontogenic keratocyst is an enigmatic developmental cyst that deserves special attention. It has characteristic histopathological and clinical fe...


Use of Eculizumab in Thrombotic Microangiopathy Associated with Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

By Sinan Demircioğlu, Ali Dogan, Cengiz Demir,

Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains a difficult complication due to its high mortality ra...


Tuberculous spondylodiscitis after lumbar microdiscectomy: A rare case report

By Özkan Özger, Necati Kaplan,

Postoperative spondylodiscitis (PSD) and postoperative osteomyelitis (POM) are known complications of lumbar disc surgery. Many infectious agents play...


Craniofacial Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis– A Rare Case Report

By Suriyakala M, Dr Sreela L.s, Dr Twinkle S Prasad, Dr Philips Mathew, Dr Admaja K Nair,

           Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare haematological disorder characterized by accumulation and abnormal proliferation of...


Hypersensitivity pneumonitis in a pediatric patient: a case report

By Madiha Naz, Shazia Parveen, Afsheen Asghar Khan, Fauzia Waqar,

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) is a rarely diagnosed interstitial lung disease with variable manifestations. It results from repeated inhalation of...


Quality Assurance Audit of Digital Intraoral Periapical Radiographs at the Undergraduate Dental Clinics

By Muhammad Qasim Javed, Shaul Hameed Kolarkodi, Arham Riaz, Shazia Nawabi,

Objective: To assess the quality of digital intraoral periapical radiographs by investigating the percentage of radiographic images that satisfied the...


A difficult road for percutaneous coronary intervention in a single coronary artery anomaly

By Kerim Esenboga, Emir Baskovski, Nil Ozyuncu, Eralp Tutar,

Coronary artery anomalies are frequently asymptomatic clinical entities associated with variable prognosis. Single coronary artery anomaly is a rare t...


A Young Man with a Rare Case of Adrenal Incidentaloma

By Usama Bin Khalid, Qurat Ul Ain, Muhammad Aamir, Shahrukh Shah, Shakeel Ahmad, Zujaja Hina Haroon,

Adrenal incidentalomas (AIs) are adrenal masses discovered as incidental finding, often on imaging studies, unrelated to adrenal disorders. Sometimes,...


Comparison of brachiobasilic transposition arteriovenous fistula outcomes among diabetic and non-diabetic patients: A case controlled study

By Zia Ur Rehman, Waryam Muhammad Saleh, Anum Sadruddin Pidani,

Diabetes is considered a risk factor for arteriovenous fistula failure and increased perioperative complications but this view is not proven for patie...


A Case of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma With Cardiac Involvement Incidently Diagnosed on Cardiac Imaging

By Asif Husain Osmani,

Cardiac lymphomas, either primary or secondary, are mostly of B cell lineage; among which, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common. S...


Meta-analysis of the value of cardiac nuclear magnetic resonance in the diagnosis of viral myocarditis

By Juan Xu, Yikai Xu,

The aim of the study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in viral myocarditis by meta-analysis. PubMed, EM...


Colonic Metastasis From Primary Tonsillar Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Rare Cause of Large Bowel Obstruction

By Tayfun Kaya, Semra Demirli Atıcı, Dudu Solakolu Kahraman, Huseyin Salih Semiz, Duygu Kahraman,

Tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma is a subtype of head and neck cancers which rarely metastasizes to the colorectal system. Colonic metastasis seconda...


Chryseobacterium indologenes bacteraemia: a potential cause of early-onset neonatal sepsis in a full-term baby

By Siba Prosad Paul, Paul Anthony Heaton,

Chryseobacterium indologenes is considered as an emerging pathogen known to cause pneumonia, bacteremia, and meningitis in children.  It has been rep...


Pleomorphic Adenoma Of Minor Salivary Glands: A Case Report

By Sahar Usman, Sufyan Ahmed, Sana Iqbal, Ayesha Aslam,

Pleomorphic adenoma is a benign tumor of salivary glands. Pleomorphic adenoma arising from minor salivary glands is very rare and presents with a mino...


Rare Presentations oF Rapidly Growing Liposarcomas

By Arifa Javed, Jafar Haghshenas, Scott Sholem, Farooq Shahzad, Jamshed Zuberi,

Liposarcomas (LSs) are a rare form of malignant tumors. They are the most common primary neoplasms of the retroperitoneum. While these tumors rarely m...


Scabies Surrepticius (Bullous Scabies) Presenting As Bullous Impetigo In A Child: A Case Report

By Rao MUHAMMAD ABID Khan, Asma Muzammil, Sualleha Siddiqi, Shazia MUHAMMAD Qasim, Ali Nadeem,

Bullous scabies (BS) is a rare and atypical presentation of scabies usually affecting elderly males during seventh decade of life. BS is characterized...


A CASE OF LUNG ABSCESS MIMICKING LUNG CANCER

By Nevhiz Gundogdu,

The radiological appearance of lung abscess is nonspecific and can masquerade as a mass lesion during the early phase. The treatment is primarily medi...


Efficacy and safety of semi-rigid ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URS) for proximal ureteral stone > 10mm: A Retrospective Cohort Study

By Muhibullah Bangash, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Salman Jamil, Muhammad Owais Abdul Ghani, Suniya Naeem,

  Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the semi-rigid URS with pneumatic lithotripsy for the treatment of large (>10mm) proximal...


A Combination Technique for Accurate Location and Debridement of Pathological Lesion in Femoral Head

By Qilin Lu, Jin Tang, Xianhua Cai, Shijun Wei, Xugui Li,

Debridement with bone grafting is a feasible and effective joint preserving method for early stage avascular necrosis and benign tumor of the femoral ...


Severe Hyponatremia of 103 Mmol/L With No Symptoms in A 65 Year Old Man – A Case Report

By LAWSON EKPE, Emin Emin, Lawrence Onuche, Kingsley Osuji,

Hyponatremia is regarded as the most common electrolyte imbalance among hospitalized patients. Most hyponatremic conditions present with various degre...


Radiologic and histopathologic features of a neck-localized follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: A case report and literature review

By Jing Zeng, Xi Xu, Changzheng Shi, Liangping Luo,

Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is an uncommon tumour. The pathological features of FDCS have been extensively described in literature, but t...


Radiologic and histopathologic features of a neck-localized follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: A case report and literature review

By Jing Zeng, Xi Xu, Changzheng Shi, Liangping Luo,

Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is an uncommon tumour. The pathological features of FDCS have been extensively described in literature, but t...


Radiologic and histopathologic features of a neck-localized follicular dendritic cell sarcoma: A case report and literature review

By Jing Zeng, Xi Xu, Changzheng Shi, Liangping Luo,

Follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (FDCS) is an uncommon tumour. The pathological features of FDCS have been extensively described in literature, but t...


Efficacy and Safety of Phosphate Enema as a therapeutic agent in Hypophosphatemia in Critically Ill Children

By Humaira Jurair, Raza Ullah, Dr Abdul Rahim Ahmed, Dr Anwar Ul Haque, Dr Faiza Rahman, Dr Sadiq Mirza,

The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral administration of phosphorous enema in hypophosphatemia in critically ill childre...


Pulmonary Functions and Factors Affecting Them in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

By Muhammad Anees, Hina Akbar, Muhammad Saqib Saeed, Minahil Ismail,

Objective: To determine the pulmonary functions in patients with Chronic Kidney Diseases (CKD) and factors affecting them. Study design:  Observa...


Pancreatic Abscess Misdiagnosed and Treated As Pancreatic Cancer: A Case Report

By Zhang Deng Yong, Lu Zheng,

A preoperative diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is not 100% accurate. Because of the uncertainty in the diagnosis of pancreatic tumours, some benign pan...


Median Arcuate Ligament Compression on Celiac Trunk During Liver Transplantation Procedure

By Kaleem Ullah, Shams Uddin, Abdul Wahab Dogar,

Low insertion of median arcuate ligament (MAL) can cause compression over celiac trunk with subsequent complications. During liver transplantation pro...


Gossypiboma: The Forgotten Foreign Bodies and Surgeon’s Nightmare

By Faiza Ahmed,

Gossypiboma, first described by Wilson in 1881, is a term that originated from the Latin word Gossypium (meaning “cotton”) and suffix -oma (mea...


A Large Hydatid Cyst in the Brain of a 10-year Child: A Case Report

By Muhammad Ashraf, Shakeel Ahmed, Shahryar Ahmad, Ashar Ahmad,

Hydatid cyst is the larval form of the parasite, Echinococcus Granulosus. We operated upon a case of giant hydatid cyst in the left cerebral hemispher...


Right Ventricular Blood Cyst in An Adult Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Patient: An Unusual Association

By Ersin Çagrı Şimşek, Dilek Oncel, Erdem Ozel,

Blood cysts of the heart are unusual primary cardiac tumor-like masses, which are usually located on the cardiac valves. These are very rare in adults...


Henoch Schönleın Purpura Presentıng Wıth Acute Abdomen: Two Case Reports

By Oguz Catal, Bahri Ozer, Mustafa Sit,

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an autoimmune, systemic, non-granulomatous vasculitis characterized by self- limiting clinical course and leukocyto...


T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in an infant: a case report and review of literature

By Neelum Mansoor, Naeem Jabbar,

A high index of suspicion of acute leukemia in infants presenting with atypical clinical and laboratory features is of paramount importance to avoid t...


Simple Congenital Hamartoma Of Retinal Pigment Epithelium: A Case Report

By Tayyaba Gul Malik,

A 45-year female presented in outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital of Lahore with dimness of vision in right eye. History revealed that t...


A Rare Presentation of Extramedullary Hematopoiesis: Perirenal Masses

By Selahattin Durmaz, Cennet Sahin, Muzaffer Basak, Sukru Mehmet Erturk,

Extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is a physiological compensatory mechanism that develops in response to ineffective or insufficient hematopoiesis. A...


The effect of Ramadan fasting on thyroid hormone levels in patients on levothyroxine treatment

By Fatma Dilek Dellal, Berna Ogmen, Didem Ozdemir, Afra Alkan, Fatma Neslihan Cuhaci Seyrek, Sefika Burcak Polat, Reyhan Ersoy, Bekir Cakir,

Objective:  We aimed to evaluate the changes in thyroid functions in Ramadan, and compare late evening and pre-sahour use of levothyroxine in patient...


A Rare Co-Existence of Multiple Cerebral Cavernous Malformations and Pleomorphic Adenoma of The Parotid Gland in Myotonic Dystrophy

By Sadaf Iftikhar, Muhammad Zeeshan Sarwar,

Myotonic dystrophy is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder primarily affecting the muscle function. Myotonia, progressive muscle weakness and wast...