Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP), is the prestigious, peer reviewed monthly biomedical journal of the country published regularly since 1991. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan is the parent body of this Journal.


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide credits to educational activities.

CPSP designates '3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits' for review of the manuscript of an original study.


Important Announcement for Authors

"As a large number of case reports are awaiting publication, JCPSP has decided to stop acknowledging Case Reports for a certain period of time until the backlog is cleared. Therefore, case reports are regretted from processing".

Latest Articles
Volume 30 | Issue 12 | December 2020
Evolving Nurse Leadership Role in 2020

By Nasreen Rafiq, Farida Bibi Mughal

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Relationship between Abdominal Aortic Calcification, Abdominal Adiposity, and Liver Density

By Cansu Ozturk, Ozlem Gungor, Veysel Kaplanoglu, Merve Kasikci, Selma Uysal Ramadan

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify any relationship among visceral adipose tissue area (visceral FA), liver density (liver HU), psoas muscle area (psoas MA), waist circumference (WC) and the presence and severity of abdominal aortic calcific atherosclerosis (AAC). Study Design: Cross-sectional descrip...

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Association between Cardio-ankle Vascular Index and Contrast-induced Nephropathy

By Salih Sahinkus, Ercan Aydin, Muhammet Necati Murat Aksoy, Cağla Akcay, Emre Eynel, Selcuk Yaylaci

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the relationship between cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), which is a marker of arteriosclerosis and the development of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Cardiology, Sakarya University ...

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Internal Jugular Vein Ultrasonography in Prediction of Postspinal Hypotension

By Yeliz Kılıç, Sema Sanal Bas, Gülay Erdoğan Kayhan, Mehmet Sacit Güleç

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the role of internal jugular vein (IJV) ultrasonography to predict postspinal hypotension in patients undergoing elective surgery. Study Design: A prospective observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Osmangazi Un...

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Effects of Point-of-care Ultrasonography on the Diagnostic Process of Patients Admitted to the Emergency Department with Chest Pain: A Randomised Controlled Trial

By Necip Gokhan Guner, Yusuf Yurumez, Murat Yucel, Mehmet Alacam, Seda Turkmen Guner, Bilge Ercan

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of point of care ultrasonography (POCUS) performed for heart, lung, aorta, hepatobiliary and deep veins on the diagnosis, length of stay (LOS) in emergency department (ED) and cost in patients admitted to the ED with chest pain. Study Design: Prospective ra...

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Diagnostic Value of Serum Gastrin and Epidermal Growth Factor to the Gastric Ulcer Complicated with Upper Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

By Ying Li, Yuping Song

ABSTRACT Objective: To explore the predictive value of serum gastrin (GAS), epidermal growth factor (EGF) levels in gastric ulcer complicated with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Study Design: A descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Emergency, Beijing Jiangong Hos...

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Correlation between Depression Severity and Thiol Disulfide Homeostasis in Patients undergoing Hemodialysis

By Hüseyin Kurku, Yavuz Turgut Gederet, Mehmet Akif Bor, Ibrahim Güney, Salim Neşelioğlu, Zeynep Biyik

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the correlation between depression severity and oxidative stress in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) using thiol disulfide homeostasis (TDH). Study Design: Descriptive, analytical study. Place and Duration of Study: Konya Health Application and Research Center...

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Response to Trastuzumab Treatment and Number of Cycles ın Her2-Positive Metastatic Gastric Cancer Survival

By Fatma Bugdayci Basal, Cengiz Karacin, Irem Bilgetekin, Omur Berna Oksuzoglu, Umut Demirci

ABSTRACT  Objective: To evaluate the effects of trastuzumab on overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with HER2-positive metastatic gastric cancer. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medical Oncology, Dr. Abdurrahman Y...

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Prognostic Factors in Male Breast Cancer: A Single Centre Experience

By Fevzi Coskun Sokmen

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prognostic factors by assessing the clinicopathological characteristics of the male patients with breast cancer (MBC). Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Internal Medicine, HSU Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology, Trainin...

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Expression and Clinical Significance of ANXA1 and DICER1 in Myelodysplastic Syndromes

By Wenqi Wu, Chengyao Wan, Qiongni Xie, Xiaolin Liang, Jing Wen, Zhenfang Liu

ABSTRACT Objective: To explore the expression status of ANXA1 and DICER1 and their clinical significance in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) patients.  Study Design: A case control study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical Un...

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Comparative Analysis of Nasal Smear Eosinophilia and Serum IgE Levels for the Diagnosis of Allergic Rhinitis

By Samina Qamar, Nukhbatullah Awan, Khalid Munir Cheema, Nadeem Raza, Sobia Ashraf, Abdul Rehman

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare and determine the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of nasal smear eosinophilia and serum IgE levels for the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis (AR). Study Design: Analytical study. Place and Duration: ENT and Pat...

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The Effect of Potassium Citrate on Overactive Bladder Disease: A Cross-sectional Study

By Murat Uçar, Ali Akkoc, Murat Topcuoglu, Sefa Alperen Ozturk, Murat Demir

ABSTRACT Objective: To show the effect of potassium citrate treatment on overactive bladder disease in patients with kidney stone and overactive bladder symptoms. Study Design: Experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Urology, Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University and Department ...

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Perioperative Indices Predicting Fever Following Percutaneus Nephrolithotomy

By Muhammed Cihan Temel, Caner Ediz, Sezgin Okçelik, Halil Kizilöz, Umut Sarioğullari, Omer Yilmaz

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate 18 independent peroperative parameters that may have an effect on fever after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Study Design: A descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Departments of Urology, Nevşehir State Hospital, and Sultan Abdulhamid Han Education ...

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Emerging Antimicrobial Resistance in Neonatal Sepsis

By Muhammad Almas Hashmi, Munir Akmal Lodhi, Kiran Mushtaq Toor, Awais Tahir, Huma Saleem Khan, Rabia Aziz

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the frequency and antimicrobial sensitivity pattern of microbial agents causing neonatal sepsis. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Neonatal ICU, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi; Foundation University, Islabambad, from May 2017 to Apr...

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A Comparison of Complications and Success Rates after PCNL in Younger and Elderly Patients

By Nadeem Iqbal, Aisha Hasan, Hajra Arshad Malik, Rabiyya Khan, Ahsan Nazar, Muhammad Athar Khawaja

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) across younger and elderly, especially PCNL complications in terms of modified Clavian grading system. Study Design: Cros-sectional comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Urology, Shifa I...

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Tissue Nuclear Matrix Protein Expression 22 in Various Grades and Stages of Bladder Cancer

By Quratulain Mati, Samina Qamar, Sobia Ashraf, Muhammad Abbas Khokhar, Usma Arshad

ABSTRACT Objective: To study the tissue nuclear matrix protein 22 (NMP22) expression in bladder carcinoma biopsy and correlate it with prognostic factors like stage and grade of bladder cancer. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Pathology and Urology Depart...

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Meta-analysis of the Value of Cardiac Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the Diagnosis of Viral Myocarditis

By Juan Xu, Yikai Xu

ABSTRACT To evaluate the diagnostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in viral myocarditis by meta-analysis. PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, China) Wanfang Databases were searched for clinical research literature on MRI diagnos...

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Van Wyk Grumbach Syndrome

By Maira Riaz, Mohsina Noor Ibrahim, Taj Muhammad Laghari, Misbah Iqbal Hanif, Jamal Raza

ABSTRACT Van Wyk Grumbach syndrome is well known for protracted hypothyroidism, characterised by multicystic ovaries (normal size ovaries contain many follicles of various sizes), isosexual precocious puberty and delayed skeletal growth. A series of ten children with Van Wyk Grumbach syndrome is bee...

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A Combination Technique for Accurate Location and Debridement of Pathological Lesion in Femoral Head

By Qilin Lu, Jin Tang, Xianhua Cai, Shijun Wei, Xugui Li

ABSTRACT Debridement with bone grafting is a feasible and effective joint preserving method for early stage avascular necrosis and benign tumor of the femoral head before collapse. Although common CT and X-ray guide techniques were helpful, high dose of intraoperative radiation, inaccurate intraoper...

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Quality Assurance Audit of Digital Intraoral Periapical Radiographs at the Undergraduate Dental Clinics

By Muhammad Qasim Javed, Shaul Hameed Kolarkodi, Arham Riaz, Shazia Nawabi

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the quality of digital intraoral periapical radiographs by investigating the percentage of radiographic images that satisfied the good quality standards. Study Design: An audit. Place and Duration of Study: Undergraduate Dental Clinics, Qassim University College of Dent...

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Thinking of Unilateral Osteitis Condensans Ilii in the Emergency Room: Case of a Young Pregnant Female with Back Pain

By Sadaf Sheikh, Umair Javed, Muhammad Akbar Baig

ABSTRACT Osteitis condensans ilii (OCI) remains an orthopedic diagnostic dilemma; moreover, such presentation in the emergency room (ER) is unique. Limited awareness about this topic compels emergency and internal medicine physicians to perform extensive investigations which often leads to misdiagno...

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Primary Intra-articular and Extra-articular Synovial Chondromatosis in a Child: A Rare Cause of Shoulder Pain in Children

By Burcin Agridag Ucpinar, Cennet Sahin

ABSTRACT Synovial chondromatosis is a rare condition with chondroid metaplasia of the synovial membrane and multinodular proliferation of the synovial membrane of the joints, tendons and bursae without any certain etiology. The disease generally presents in monoarticular form; and the most commonly ...

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CT-guided Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of Osteoid Osteoma with Double Nidi in One Session

By Cennet Sahin, Eyup Camurcuoglu, Mehmet Ali Talmac, Mujdat Bankaoglu, Kerim Sahin

ABSTRACT Osteoid osteoma with multiple nidi is a rare condition. The aim of this report is to share a case of an osteoid osteoma with two separate nidi, which underwent radio-frequency ablation (RFA) treatment under CT-guidance for each of the nidi in the same session. A 15-year girl with osteo...

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Silver-Russell Syndrome: Orthodontic Perspective

By Zahra Khalid, Kashif Iqbal, Abdullah Jan, Asif Khurshid

ABSTRACT Silver-Russell syndrome (SRS) is a rare disorder characterised by prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency, a relatively large head size with triangular face, a prominent forehead, body asymmetry, feeding difficulties, clinodactyly and other features.  Abnormalities of chromosome numbe...

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The Efficacy of Ultrasound-guided Retrolaminar Block on Postoperative Analgesia for Lumbar İnstrumentation Surgery

By Kevser Peker

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Comment on
Triglycerides-to-HDLC Ratio as a Marker of Cardiac Disease and Vascular Risk Factors in Adults

By Erkan Cure, Medine Cumhur Cure

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Organ Retrieval Surgery: Management of Left-sided Inferior Vena Cava

By Ghulam Murtaza Dar, Shahzad Ahmed, Ahmad Mirza

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Neglected Heterotopic Interstitial Pregnancy

By Jingjing Feng, He Dan Wang, Wen Lv

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Isolated Metastasis of Pancreas due to Endometrial Carcinoma

By Semra Demirli Atici, Goksever Akpinar, Ismail Sert, Cem Tugmen

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Adult-onset Still’s Disease Detected in Ankylosing Spondylitis Patient using Adalimumab

By Tugba Izci Duran, Demet Yalcin Kehribar, Metin Ozgen

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Laryngoscope Tracheal Intubation Education for Beginners Using a Smartphone and a Smartphone Endoscope

By Jong Ho Kim, Jun Woo Choi, Young Suk Kwon

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Special Issue

Special Supplement 2 on COVID-19 | Volume 30 | Year 2020
COVID-19 and Biomedical Publishing: Challenges and Prospects

By Muhammed Mubarak

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Correlation of Lung Ultrasound and Computed Tomography Findings in COVID-19 Pneumonia

By Cengiz Karacaer, Oguz Karabay, Yasemin Gunduz, Selcuk Yaylacı, Ertugrul Guclu

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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Mechanical Ventilation Research Theme Analysis: Co-word Cluster Analysis

By Hongyan Chen, Xiaoyi Huang, Siyi Chen, Wenjing Zhu, Wentao Huang, Ken Chen

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Investigation of QT Prolongation with Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin for the Treatment of COVID‐19

By Avni Uygar Seyhan, Fatih Doganay, Erdal Yilmaz, Nurdan Papila Topal, Rohat Ak

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COVID-19 Outbreak and Dentistry: Guidelines and Recommendations for the Provision of Dental Healthcare Services

By Fazal Ghani

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Association of Inflammatory Markers with Mortality in COVID-19 Infection

By Abdul Rehman Arshad, Imran Khan, Khurram Shahzad, Murad Arshad, Syed Jarrar Haider, Muhammad Jawad Aslam

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COVID-19 and Anxiety amongst Doctors: A Pakistani Perspective

By Abdul Rehman Arshad, Farrukh Islam

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Effect of COVID-19 on the Working of a Tertiary Care Hospital

By Mahmood Ayyaz, Usman Ismat Butt, Muhammad Umar, Wasim Hayat Khan, Malik Ramzan Kashif, Zulqarnain Hyidar

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Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated with Empagliflozin Use in the Course of the SARS-Cov-2 Pandemic

By Ozge Ozer, Goknur Yorulmaz

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COVID-19 Pneumonia during Hydroxychloroquine Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

By Canan Gürsoy, Özge Oral Tapan, Emrah Dogan, Turhan Togan, Semra Gumus Demirbilek

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Superior Mesenteric Artery Thrombosis in a Patient with COVID-19: A Unique Presentation

By Burcin Agridag Ucpinar, Cennet Sahin

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A Patient with COVID-19 Treated with ECMO for 26 Days

By Chi Zhang, Bo Shi, Haichun Ma, Naifu Dong

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COVID-19 and Dental Education in Pakistan

By Muhammad Mansoor Majeed, Muhammad Shoaib Durrani, Muhammad Bilal Bashir, Muhammad Ahmed

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Preparing for a Pandemic: Our Plans and Lessons Learnt as a Department in a Tertiary Care Hospital

By Shankar Lal, Ehtesham Khan, Muhammad Anwar Malik

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Possible Potential Outcomes from COVID-19 Complications on Testes: Lesson from SARS Infection

By Ranjha Khan, Tayyaba Naseem, Muhammad Jafar Hussain, Muhammad Amir Hussain, Saima Shakil Malik

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Reorganising for COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of Structural Modifications by the Department of Internal Medicine in Low to Middle-income Countries

By Shakeel ur Rehman, Muhammad Arslan Ahmed, Ghufran Adnan, Maria Ali Khan

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Modifying Surgical Practice in the Times of Current COVID-19 Pandemic

By Ruqayya Naheed Khan, Amina Iqbal Khan, Asif Loya, M. Asad Parvaiz

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Tonsillitis as a Rare Manifestation of COVID-19

By Kainat Fatima, Syeda Ghadeer Zehra Naqvi

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Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19: Practice Implications for Healthcare Professionals

By Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Abrar Ahmad, Muhammad hammad Butt, Shahzadi Misbah, Yusra Habib Khan, Nasser Hadal Alotaibi

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Vitamin D in COVID-19 Pneumonia: High Yield with Low Risk

By Shahan Waheed, Emaduddin Siddiqui

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COVID-19 Era: Challenges and Solutions in Dental Education

By Zainab Haroon, Azad Ali Azad, Mubashir Sharif, Ayesha Aslam, Komal Arshad, Salma Rafiq

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Neuro-psychiatric Effects of COVID-19

By Kiran Khushnood, Nasir Sultan, Malik Muhammad Ali Awan

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Pharmacotherapeutic Modifications in Cardiopulmonary Patients during COVID-19 Outbreak

By Imran Ahmad Khan

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Prognostic Utility of Baseline 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D Levels in Hospitalised COVID-19 Patients: Hope or Hype?

By Sibtain Ahmed, Lena Jafri

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Biohazards of Prolonged N95 Use: Effects on Arterial Blood Gases, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate and General Well-being of Healthcare Professionals during COVID-19 Pandemic

By Muhammad Hammad Athar, Usama Bin Zubair, Ujala Zakir

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Dermatology Teleteaching during the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Kerasia-Maria Plachouri, Francesk Mulita, Sophia Georgiou

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Vertical Transmission of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) from Mother to Newborn: Experience from a Maternity Unit, The Indus Hospital, Karachi

By Muhammad Azeem Khan, Vikram Kumar, Syed Rehan Ali

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Polycythemia in SARS-CoV-2 Positive Patients: An Early Screening Marker

By Taimoor Ashraf Khan

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Experience with Hemodialysis Patients in the COVID-19 Pandemic in Sakarya, Turkey

By Savaş Sipahi, Hamad Dheir, Aysel Tocoglu, Oguz Karabay

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Mental Health Consequences of the Coronavirus Pandemic

By Naeem Aslam Chughtai

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In-hospital Mortality after Liver Transplantation due to COVID-19

By Abu Bakar Hafeez Bhatti, Shahzad Riyaz, Aftab Akhtar

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Exergaming: An Effective Way to Maintain Physical and Mental Health at Home during COVID-19 Pandemic

By Nasir Sultan, Kiran Khushnood, Malik Muhammad Ali Awan

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A Diagnostic Challenge in COVID-19 Pandemic: PCP or COVID-19

By Muhammad Mohsin Sajjad, Sidra Yousaf, Sajjad Ullah

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Experience of Oculoplastic Practice in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic at a Tertiary Care Centre: Precautions and Challenges

By Mohammad Idris, Eemaz Nathaniel, Hera Fahim

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