Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP), is the prestigious, peer reviewed monthly biomedical journal of the country published regularly since 1991. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan is the parent body of this Journal.


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide credits to educational activities.

CPSP designates '3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits' for review of the manuscript of an original study.


Latest Articles
Volume 30 | Issue 8 | August 2020
Feasibility of Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases in Pakistan

By Kalim uddin Aziz

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Serum Uric Acid Levels among Patients who Died in Recent Year due to Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction

By Isa Ardahanli, Mehmet Celik

ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the relationship of uric acid levels in the last one year with exitus due to heart failure (HF) with clinical and demographic data of patients. Study Design: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Bilecik State Hospital, Bilecik, Turkey, from ...

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Computed Tomography Evaluation of Airway Changes in Adult Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia

By Zhanguo Sun, Xiaolong Liu, Jiehuan Wang, Xiaoqiang Wang, Wei Liu, Yueqin Chen

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate airway abnormalities on chest CT in adult patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University, Jining, Shandong, China, from January to April, 20...

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Impact of Homozygous C4A Deficiency on Clinical Presentation of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

By Ayesha Arooj Ansari, Hamid Nawaz Tipu, Dawood Ahmad, Muhammad Farhan

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the association of C4A null allele (C4AQ0) with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and determine the clinical presentation of SLE in relation to C4A null allele. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP...

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Comparison of Immature Platelet Fraction (IPF) in Patients with Central Thrombocytopenia and Peripheral Thrombocytopenia

By Sobia Ashraf, Sindhu Rehman, Zahid Asgher, Ambareen Hamid, Samina Qamar

ABSTRACT  Objective: To determine immature platelet fraction (IPF) in patients with thrombocytopenia and correlation with their bone marrow findings and to determine its predictive value in differentiating peripheral (hyper destructive) thrombocytopenia from central (hypo-productive) thrombocy...

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Seroconversion in Newly Diagnosed Cases of Coronavirus Disease

By Omar Rasheed Chughtai, Hijab Batool, Muhammad Dilawar Khan, Shakeel Ashraf

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the percentage of seroconverted real time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) positive coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases at different days post-symptom onset; and also find the agreement of chemiluminescence assay used for total antibody detec...

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Bubble Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (bCPAP) versus Control in Neonates with Respiratory Distress

By Tehreem Fatima, Muhammad Haroon Hamid, Abdul Ahad Jamshaid, Areeba Wasim

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the effectiveness of bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) and oxygen inhalation via nasal cannula in neonates presenting with respiratory distress, using Silverman Anderson Retraction Score (SARS). Study Design: Randomised clinical trial. Place and Durati...

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Relationship between 3D Power Doppler Ultrasound and Serum MMP-2 and Ang-2 Levels in Pregnant Women with Preeclampsia

By Xiaoyu Lin, Xiuping Zhou, Huipei Jin, Yaping Zhao

ABSTRACT Objective: To explore the relationship between 3D power Doppler ultrasound (3D-PDU) and serum MMP-2 and Ang-2 levels in pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE). Study Design: Comparative analytical study. Place and Duration of Study: The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Ho...

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Enzalutamide Treatment in Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer: Before and after Docetaxel

By Irem Bilgetekin, Fatma Bugdayci Basal, Havva Yesil Cinkir, Ece Esin, Berna Oksuzoglu, Umut Demirci

ABSTRACT  Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of enzalutamide in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) in docetaxel-naive and docetaxel-pretreated patients. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: HSU Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology T...

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Association of Hypertension with Non-HDL Cholesterol in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

By Neelum Zaka, Naheed Gul, Nadia Ishfaq, Lubna Meraj, Mehwish Rafique

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association of hypertension with Non-HDL Cholesterol (Non-HDL.C) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Shifa Foundation Community Health Centre, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, fr...

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Predictive Value of Markers of Adiposity in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A Clinical and Electrophysiological Evaluation

By Syed Shahid Habib, Mohammed H. Alanazy

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association of total and segmental body composition adiposity indices with electrophysiological indicators of CTS. Study Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Departments of Medicine and Clinical Physiology at King Saud Univers...

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Night Eating Syndrome According to Obesity Groups and the Related Factors

By Yasin Kara, Sabah Tuzun, Can Oner, Engin Ersin Simsek

ABSTRACT Objective: To find the frequency of night eating syndrome (NES) in different obesity groups and to determine related factors. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Family Medicine, Outpatient Clinics, University of Health Sciences, Karta...

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Surgical Outcome of Peripheral Vascular Injuries in Adults

By Ghazanfar Ali, Ayesha Shaukat, Somer Masood, Abdul Ghaffar, Khalid Masud Gondal

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the management and outcome of adult patients after peripheral vascular injuries. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Accident & Emergency Department, Mayo Hospital Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2014 to December 2018. Methodology: All a...

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Quality of Sleep and Academic Performance among Medical University Students

By Rbiya Javaid, Ain ul Momina, Muhammad Zeeshan Sarwar, Syed Asghar Naqi

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effect of sleep quality on academic performance of medical university students. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: King Edward Medical University, Lahore, from December 2017 to April 2018. Methodology: Second to final year Medical and Alli...

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Interleukin-6 in Patients with Cardiac Myxoma

By Shi-Min Yuan, Hui-Zhen Lin

ABSTRACT The relationships between interleukin (IL)-6 and cardiac myxoma remain to be clarified. This article systematically reviewed the IL-6 properties in cardiac myxoma patients based on retrieval of pertinent literature published between 1998 and 2018. Significant differences were found in circu...

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Association between Hyperuricemia and Ischemic Stroke: A Case-Control Study

By Tooba Fatima, Sadaf Iftikhar, Irshad Hussain Qureshi

ABSTRACT Objective: To find the association between hyperuricemia and ischemic stroke. Study Design: Case-control study. Place and Duration of Study: Departments of Medicine and Neurology, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from October 2015 to September 2016. Methodology: A total of 100 pat...

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Renal Stromal Expression of Oestrogen and Progesterone Receptors in Chronic Pyelonephritis as Compared to Normal Kidneys

By Muhammad Abrar Barakzai, Muhammad Akhtar, Nasir Ali Afsar, Abdulaziz Ajlan M. Alsalloom, Junaid Kashir, Turki O. Al Hussain

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine and compare the distribution of oestrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PR) expression between normal kidneys and chronic pyelonephritis. Study Design: Comparative-descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Researc...

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Clinicopathological Features of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms

By Abdusselam Sekerci, Haci Mehmet Turk, Tarik Demir, Mesut Seker, Adem Akcakaya, Dilek Sema Arici

ABSTRACT  Objective: To describe the clinical, pathological and survival characteristics of Turkish patients with gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs). Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Bezmialem Vakif University School of Medicine Hospital fro...

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Glyphosate-induced Delayed Pyloric Obstruction, Ulcer and Scar Changes

By Jin Yong Hao, Tao Jiang, Xiao Jun Huang

ABSTRACT Glyphosate is a widely used herbicide. Acute glyphosate poisoning is not uncommon, mostly caused by a large amount of glyphosate entering the human body in a short time, and the common reason is taking it accidently. The manifestations of acute stage are mainly gastrointestinal reactions. T...

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Concurrent Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Leiomyosarcoma in the Larynx at Relapse 15 Years Post-radiation for Primary Laryngeal Cancer

By Karolina Dorobisz, Marcin Frączek, Przemysław Kowalski, Tomasz Zatoński

ABSTRACT Malignant tumours of the larynx account for 50% of all head and neck neoplasms. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the larynx and accounts for 95-98%. Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) originating in larynx is a very rare malignant tumour derived from the smooth muscle tissue. The ...

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Snail Fever of the Bladder in a Non-endemic Area

By Romana Idrees, Zehra Kazmi, Muhammad Areeb Ashfaq, Daniya Umer, Romana Idrees, Muhammad Hammad Ather

ABSTRACT Schistosomiasis is rarely seen in Pakistan and is generally not very high on the list of differential diagnoses. However, it is an important cause of haematuria in certain endemic areas. It can affect multiple organs including the bladder, liver and lungs. We present a case of a young Pakis...

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Unique Pediatric Gallstones Composed of Calcium Oxalate Phosphate

By Ayesha Liaqat, Hamza Attiq, Hamza Liaqat, Laila Hassan, Ruhma Waheed, Tauseef Asghar

ABSTRACT Calcium oxalate phosphate is extremely rare composition of gall stones, with only one case reported in pediatric population till date. We report a case of pediatric cholelithiasis with a unique composition of calcium oxalate phosphate, detected at eight years of age. Its etiology remains un...

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MicroRNA-16, Programmed Cell Death Protein-4 (PDCD-4) and Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

By Naseem Zehra, Arfa Azhar, Rehana Rehman

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Need of Guidelines and Antimicrobial Stewardship in Pakistan for Perioperative Surgical Practices to Prevent Surgical Site Infections

By Faiz Ullah Khan, Zakir Khan, Asim-ur-Rehman5 , Yu Fang

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Scar Ectopic Pregnancy

By Asma Kashif

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Intercostal Nerve-based Neurilemmoma: Posing Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenges

By Ibrahim Ethem Özsoy, Mehmet Akif Tezcan

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Analysis of Curative Effect of Artificial Ligament Reconstruction Under Knee Arthroscopy in the Treatment of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

By Kai Zhang, Ruiqing Liu, Yong Zhang

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Piloting Relaxation Techniques as Part of Occupational Therapy Programme in an In-patient Psychiatric Setting

By Humera Saeed, Shameel Khan, Natasha Farid

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Special Issue

Special Supplement 1 on COVID-19 | Volume 30 | Year 2020
Tumor Boards during COVID-19 Pandemic

By Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi

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COVID-19 and Kidney Disease: Update on Epidemiology, Clinical Manifestations, Pathophysiology and Management

By Masoumeh Asgharpour, Elham Zare, Muhammed Mubarak, Amirhesam Alirezaei

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Psychological Status of Healthcare Workers during the Covid-19 Pandemic

By Tuba Talo Yildirim, Osman Atas, Azad Asafov, Kadir Yildirim, Hakan Balibey

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Pakistan’s Health System Against COVID-19: Where Do Things Stand?

By Meesha Iqbal, Aysha Zahidie

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Worsening of the COVID-19 Pandemic in New York City: Analysis of Response Gaps and Challenges at the Public Policy and Community Levels

By Aysha Zahidie, Meesha Iqbal, Syed Wasif Hussain

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A Case of 45-Year Man Who Succumbed to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

By Muhammad Ahmed Khan, Muhammad Ameen Khan

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Diarrhoea: An Atypical Presentation of COVID-19

By Saad Khan, Zeeshan Ahmad, Fahad Khan, Hamza Asif, Asma Zia-ur-Rahman

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COVID-19 Pulmonary Infection with Pneumothorax in a Young Patient

By Okan Gurkan, Ayhan Yilmaz, Ferhat Cengel, Elif Sargin Altunok, Elif Evrim Ekin

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Optimising Ventilator Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Sadaf Sheikh, Muhammad Akbar Baig

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CT Scan Findings of Five Mildly Symptomatic COVID Patients from India

By Sanjith Saseedharan, Vaijanti Kadam, Roopa Karanam, Paritosh Baghel

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Insight into COVID-19 Responses and Initiatives from Pakistan

By Salima Farooq, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Saima Sachwani, Yasmin Nadeem Parpio

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Chest CT Findings of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

By Wu Cai, Junlin Yang, Guohua Fan, Liang Xu, Bo Zhang, Rong Liu

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The Rapid COVID Screening (RCS) Tool

By Muhammad Akbar Baig

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Mental Health Challenges and Psycho-social Interventions amid COVID-19 Pandemic: A Call to Action for Pakistan

By Salima Muhammad Farooq, Saima Abdul aziz Sachwani, Sonia Ijaz Haider, Sajid Abrar Iqbal, Yasmin Nadeem Parpio, Humera Saeed

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Dermatology Residency Training in COVID-19 Pandemic: Transition from Traditional to Online Teaching

By Arfan ul Bari

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Challenges of Online Medical Education in Pakistan During COVID-19 Pandemic

By Fareeha Farooq, Farooq Azam Rathore, Sahibzada Nasir Mansoor

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Silent Hypoxia in COVID-19: What is Old is New Again!

By Sadaf Sheikh, Muhammad Akbar Baig

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Emergency Preparedness and Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Our Experience from the Emergency Department of a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan

By Badar Afzal, Noman Ali, Asad Mian

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COVID-19 Pandemic: Public Trust and Guiding Ethics Where Ventilators Equal Lives

By Sadaf Sheikh, Muhammad Akbar Baig

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A Rare Finding of Upper Limb Deep Venous Thrombosis in a Patient with COVID-19

By Shankar Lal, Junaid Hashmi

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Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19: Challenges and the Need for Caution in Low-Resource Settings

By Mahnoor Islam

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COVID-19 Pandemic: Are Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease Really at Risk?

By Syed Adeel Hassan, Jude Ezeh

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COVID19: A Matter of State and Faith

By Abuzar Siraj, Zair Hassan, Muhammad Shahbaz Khan

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Precautions in the Operating Room during COVID-19 Pandemic

By Kazim Hussain, Salman Javed, Syed Ali Anwer Jillani

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The Impact of COVID-19 on the Mental Health of Healthcare Professionals

By Muhammad Ali Awab Sarwar, Huda Sarwar

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Contributions and Challenges of Radiology in the Era of COVID‐19 Pandemic

By Mahnoor Hafeez, Amjad Sattar

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Urgent, Emergent, or Elective Surgery during the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Vasileios Karampelias, Ypatios Spanidis, Constantinos D. Zografos

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Convalescent Plasma: Promise for COVID-19 Pandemic

By Sadaf Sheikh, Muhammad Akbar Baig

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COVID-19 and Impending Shortage of Haemodialysis Facilities due to the Rising Incidence of Acute Kidney Injury Requiring Renal Replacement Therapy

By Raheel Ahmed, Abdul Haseeb

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A Systematic Analysis of Studies on Corona Virus Disease 19 (COVID-19) from Viral Emergence to Treatment

By Shahzadi Misbah, Abrar Ahmad, Muhammad Hammad Butt, Yusra Habib Khan, Nasser Hadal Alotaibi, Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi

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Impact of Urbanisation on COVID-19: Diversity in Virulence

By Muhammad Hammad Athar, Usama Bin Zubair, Ayesha Habib

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