Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP), is the prestigious, peer reviewed monthly biomedical journal of the country published regularly since 1991. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan is the parent body of this Journal.


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide credits to educational activities.

CPSP designates '3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits' for review of the manuscript of an original study.


Latest Articles
Volume 30 | Issue 11 | November 2020
Atherosclerotic Diseases Championing Death Toll: Instituting Pediatric Hyperlipidemia Screening Programme

By Sikandar Hayat Khan

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Preservation of Radial Vasomotor Functions Through the Anatomic Snuffbox: A Prospective Comparison with other Radial Accesses during Coronary Angiography

By Mehmet Kis, Elton Soydan

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare radial vasomotor functions at three different access sites namely right, left main radial artery, and left distal radial (LDR) artery. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Cardiology, EGE University, Turkey, from September 2017 ...

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Apparent Diffusion Coefficient in Predicting the Preoperative Grade of Meningiomas

By Basak Atalay, Suna Sahin Ediz, Nurver Ozel Ozbay

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the relationship between the apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) value obtained from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and histopathologic grade of meningiomas. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Radiology, Istanbul...

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Evaluation of the Mechanical Properties of Anorectal Tissues and Muscles by Shear Wave Elastography in Anal Fıssure Disease

By Nazmi Ozer, Feride Fatma Gorgulu

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the mechanical properties of the tissues and muscles in the anal region with the shearwave elastography for anal fissure etiology. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from March2019 to M...

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Comparison of Sequence Specific Primers in the Next Generation Sequencing in Human Leukocyte Antigen Typing for Transplant Recipients

By Hamid Nawaz Tipu

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare two human leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing methods, namely sequence specific primers (SSP) and next generation sequencing (NGS) for alleles concordance Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Immunology department, Armed Forces Institute of Patholo...

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The Importance of Eosinopenia for Predicting Treatment Response in Patients with Cholangitis

By Cengiz Karacaer, Ahmet Tarik Eminler, Bilal Toka, Mukaddes Tozlu, Erkan Parlak, Aydin Seref Koksal

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare recovery of eosinopenia, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin levels in predicting the response to treatment in patients with cholangitis. Study Design: Descriptive, analytical study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology, Sakarya Training a...

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The Delta Neutrophil Index is an Early Predictive Marker of Acute Pyelonephritis in Patients with Ureteral Stone

By Osman Barut, Mehmet Kutlu Demirkol, Enes Baki Bilecan, Tayfun Sahinkanat, Sefa Resim

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the predictive value of the delta neutrophil index (DNI) for acute pyelonephritis (APN), which increases in conditions of infection and inflammation. Study Design: Observational, comparative cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Urology, ...

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A Comparison of Hyperextension versus Neutral Positions for Vertebroplasty to Treat Neurologically Intact Kümmell Disease

By Yan Ding, Shengjie Dong, Jingjie Wang, Jinpeng Cui, Zhilin Cao, Shiqiao Lv

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the efficacy between hyperextension position (HPVP) and neutral position for vertebroplasty (NPVP) in treating Kümmell disease. Study Design: A Comparative descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Orthopaedics, Yantaishan Hospital, China, from...

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Superior Mesenteric and Inferior Mesenteric Artery Diameters in Colorectal Cancer

By Feng Chi, Xiang Wang, Yuefu Lan, Liangxian Jiang, Shenkang Zhou

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) diameters in colorectal cancer compared to control. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Taizhou Hospital, Zhejiang University, Taizhou, China, from March 2019 to June ...

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Association of Severity of Allergic Conjunctivitis with Skin Prick Test

By Amena Masrur, Muhammad Adnan, Furqan Ahmed Khan, Ali Tayyab

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the association between skin prick test and severity of allergic conjunctivitis. Study Design: Cross sectional observational study. Study Place and Duration of Study: Akbar Niazi Teaching Hospital, Bara Kahu, Islamabad, between March and September 2019. Methodology...

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Effect of Omalizumab on Nasal Symptoms in Asthma and Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

By Engin Başer, Papatya Bayrak Degirmenci, Ilker Burak Arslan, Ibrahim Cukurova

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the efficacy of omalizumab on nasal symptoms in patients having allergic asthma with rhinitis symptoms. Study Design: Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: University of Health Sciences, Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey, between Octo...

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Pulmonary Hypertension in Apparently Healthy Children in Southern Nigeria

By Chika O. Duru, Patience A. Udo, Moriam O. Lamina, Josephat M. Chinawa

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the severity and prevalence of pulmonary hypertension and its relationship with age and body mass index (BMI) in healthy children. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Ituku-Ozalla Enugu, Lagos State ...

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Endovascular Treatment of Infra-inguinal Arterial Occlusive Disease in Patients with Diabetes

By Anil Ozen, Görkem Yiğit, Bahadir Aytekin, Mehmet Cahit Saricaoglu, Ferit Kasimzade, Hakki Zafer Iscan

ABSTRACT Objective: To present the early and mid-term results of PTA for femoropopliteal lesions in diabetic patients, performed by the cardiovascular surgeons. Study Design: Experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ankara City Hospital, Turkey, from Aug...

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Peer-assisted Learning (PAL) as an Instructional Tool in Undergraduate Dental Education

By Ambreen Afzal Ehsan

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the difference in peer-assisted learning (PAL) and expert-assisted learning (EAL) sessions for selected topics of orthodontics, conducted by either a peer or faculty member, respectively as measured by their test scores. Study Design: Experimental study. Place and&nbs...

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Risk of Infertility Index in Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

By Munazzah Rafique, Ayesha Nuzhat, Dania Al-Jaroudi

ABSTRACT Objective: To construct the risk of infertility index for women with polycystic ovarian syndrome, that can be used to assess the prognostic factors for conception; and categorise them in mild, moderate and high-risk groups. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: King...

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Intrauterine Fetal Blood Transfusion (IUBT) for Rh Incompatibility – 12 Years’ Experience from Pakistan

By Yasmin Raashid, Ayesha Ali, Yasmin Ehsan, Hussain Jafri, Imran Waheed, Gerald Mason, Naeem Majeed

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the perinatal outcome of pregnancies complicated by Rh-alloimmunisation, requiring intrauterine blood transfusion. Study Design: Observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Feto-maternal Unit of Gene Tech Laboratory, Lahore, from 2007 to 2019. Methodology: ...

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Clinico-pathological Characteristics of Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma in Pakistan

By Romaisa Shamim Khan, Osama Shakeel, Ahmad Faraz Bhatti, Raza Hussain

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyse epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients presenting with cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) in Pakistan; and to compare the results with other studies. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Shaukat Khaum Memorial Cancer Hospital (SKMCH...

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Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy in a Previously Operated Kidney

By Adnan Siddiq Awan, Shoaib Mithani, Fakhir Yousuf, Shakeel Haseeb, Waqar Hassan, Suneel Kumar

ABSTRACT Objective: To ascertain the safety and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithomy in patients with previous open renal surgery. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: The Kidney Centre Postgraduate Training Institute, Karachi from January to December 2018. Methodology: Pa...

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Potentially Resectable mCRC-treated with Cetuximab Combined with Chemotherapy

By Ying Kong, Liang Hong, Xiaocheng Xu

ABSTRACT Surgical resection of a potentially resectable metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) may lead to additional clinical benefits for the patients. In some cases, patients with initially unresectable lesions can be converted to resectable ones after induction of chemotherapy; and these patients a...

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Variability of Breast Density Assessment and the Need for Additional Imaging: A Comparison between Computed Mammography and Digital Mammography

By Shaista Afzal Saeed, Imrana Masroor, Hina Iqbal, Saira Naz Sufian, Muhammad Awais

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the variability of breast density assessment and the need for additional imaging using computed radiography (CR) mammography versus digital radiography (DR) mammography. Study Design: Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Radiology, The Aga Khan ...

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Superficial Thrombophlebitis caused by Extensively Drug-resistant Salmonella Enterica Serovar Typhi

By Anam Imtiaz, Irfan Ali Mirza, Qanita Fahim, Nargis Sabir

ABSTRACT Salmonella enterica serovar typhi causes one of the most common blood stream infections, the typhoid fever. However, it can cause pyogenic infections involving different sites as well. Extensively drug resistant (XDR) strains of Salmonella typhi are resistant to all first line anti-typhoida...

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T-Cell Lymphoma Presenting With Bilateral Chylothorax

By Ibrahim Ethem Ozsoy, Mehmet Akif Tezcan

ABSTRACT Chylothorax is the accumulation of chyle in the pleural cavity due to obstruction or injury arising in the thoracic duct or its large branches. In more than 50% of patients diagnosed with chylothorax, the etiology consists of malignant diseases; and among these, lymphomas are the most commo...

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Malignant Melanoma Metastasis to Sigmoid Colon: New Endoscopic Appearance Detected for the First Time

By Ugur Kesici

ABSTRACT Malignant melanoma (MM) develops as a result of malignant transformation of melanocytes. It accounts for 4% of all skin cancers. MM metastases usually occur in regional lymph nodes, bones and central nervous system. In this case report, a case of a 50-year male, who was found to have MM inf...

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Odontogenic Keratocyst: A Rare Presentation in Anterior Maxilla

By Snehal Dilip Lunawat, Varun R. Kunte, Ajay R. Bhoosreddy, Lalitkumar P. Gade, Rekha Swapnil Patil

ABSTRACT The odontogenic keratocyst is an enigmatic developmental cyst that deserves special attention. It has characteristic histopathological and clinical features; but, what makes this cyst special is its aggressive behavior and high recurrence rate. Odontogenic keratocyst is a benign odontogenic...

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Sofosbuvir-based Treatment for HCV: A Safe Option in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

By Adnan Salim, Muhammad Omer Farooq, Farhan Ul Amin Mengal, Kashif Malik

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to ascertain the safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Twenty-three HCV infected patients undergoing hemodialysis were included. Sofosbuvir was administered in combinations with ribavirin, daclatasvir and ledipasvir for 12-24 ...

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Experience Management of Intraoperative Hemorrhage in Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair

By Jiaming Xie, Xiaofei Zheng, Chunwei Gu

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Scalp Myiasis in an Ulcerated Abscess in a 7-year Old Child

By Abdullah Khan, Faheemullah Khan, Jawad Ahmad, Hameed Ullah, Wiqar Ahmad

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Multilocular Giant Radicular Cyst of Maxilla Mimicking Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor

By Efe Can Sivrikaya, Burak Cezairli, Ahmet Yilmaz

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Breakout of Vaping-associated Lung Injuries (VALI) 2019: A Public Health Threat

By Sadaf Sheikh, Muhammad Akbar Baig

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Cardiac Rehabilitation; a Neglected Field in Pakistan

By Malik Muhammad Ali Awan, Sidra Qureshi, Kiran Khushnood

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Biochemical Findings in an Atypical Case of Kala Pathar (Paraphenylenediamine) Poisoning

By Waqas Hanif, Mehreen Aftab Khan, Muhammad Younas

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Special Issue

Special Supplement 2 on COVID-19 | Volume 30 | Year 2020
COVID-19 and Biomedical Publishing: Challenges and Prospects

By Muhammed Mubarak

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Correlation of Lung Ultrasound and Computed Tomography Findings in COVID-19 Pneumonia

By Cengiz Karacaer, Oguz Karabay, Yasemin Gunduz, Selcuk Yaylacı, Ertugrul Guclu

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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Mechanical Ventilation Research Theme Analysis: Co-word Cluster Analysis

By Hongyan Chen, Xiaoyi Huang, Siyi Chen, Wenjing Zhu, Wentao Huang, Ken Chen

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Investigation of QT Prolongation with Hydroxychloroquine and Azithromycin for the Treatment of COVID‐19

By Avni Uygar Seyhan, Fatih Doganay, Erdal Yilmaz, Nurdan Papila Topal, Rohat Ak

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COVID-19 Outbreak and Dentistry: Guidelines and Recommendations for the Provision of Dental Healthcare Services

By Fazal Ghani

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Association of Inflammatory Markers with Mortality in COVID-19 Infection

By Abdul Rehman Arshad, Imran Khan, Khurram Shahzad, Murad Arshad, Syed Jarrar Haider, Muhammad Jawad Aslam

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COVID-19 and Anxiety amongst Doctors: A Pakistani Perspective

By Abdul Rehman Arshad, Farrukh Islam

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Effect of COVID-19 on the Working of a Tertiary Care Hospital

By Mahmood Ayyaz, Usman Ismat Butt, Muhammad Umar, Wasim Hayat Khan, Malik Ramzan Kashif, Zulqarnain Hyidar

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Euglycemic Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated with Empagliflozin Use in the Course of the SARS-Cov-2 Pandemic

By Ozge Ozer, Goknur Yorulmaz

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COVID-19 Pneumonia during Hydroxychloroquine Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

By Canan Gürsoy, Özge Oral Tapan, Emrah Dogan, Turhan Togan, Semra Gumus Demirbilek

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Superior Mesenteric Artery Thrombosis in a Patient with COVID-19: A Unique Presentation

By Burcin Agridag Ucpinar, Cennet Sahin

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A Patient with COVID-19 Treated with ECMO for 26 Days

By Chi Zhang, Bo Shi, Haichun Ma, Naifu Dong

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COVID-19 and Dental Education in Pakistan

By Muhammad Mansoor Majeed, Muhammad Shoaib Durrani, Muhammad Bilal Bashir, Muhammad Ahmed

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Preparing for a Pandemic: Our Plans and Lessons Learnt as a Department in a Tertiary Care Hospital

By Shankar Lal, Ehtesham Khan, Muhammad Anwar Malik

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Possible Potential Outcomes from COVID-19 Complications on Testes: Lesson from SARS Infection

By Ranjha Khan, Tayyaba Naseem, Muhammad Jafar Hussain, Muhammad Amir Hussain, Saima Shakil Malik

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Reorganising for COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of Structural Modifications by the Department of Internal Medicine in Low to Middle-income Countries

By Shakeel ur Rehman, Muhammad Arslan Ahmed, Ghufran Adnan, Maria Ali Khan

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Modifying Surgical Practice in the Times of Current COVID-19 Pandemic

By Ruqayya Naheed Khan, Amina Iqbal Khan, Asif Loya, M. Asad Parvaiz

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Tonsillitis as a Rare Manifestation of COVID-19

By Kainat Fatima, Syeda Ghadeer Zehra Naqvi

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Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19: Practice Implications for Healthcare Professionals

By Tauqeer Hussain Mallhi, Abrar Ahmad, Muhammad hammad Butt, Shahzadi Misbah, Yusra Habib Khan, Nasser Hadal Alotaibi

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Vitamin D in COVID-19 Pneumonia: High Yield with Low Risk

By Shahan Waheed, Emaduddin Siddiqui

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COVID-19 Era: Challenges and Solutions in Dental Education

By Zainab Haroon, Azad Ali Azad, Mubashir Sharif, Ayesha Aslam, Komal Arshad, Salma Rafiq

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Neuro-psychiatric Effects of COVID-19

By Kiran Khushnood, Nasir Sultan, Malik Muhammad Ali Awan

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Pharmacotherapeutic Modifications in Cardiopulmonary Patients during COVID-19 Outbreak

By Imran Ahmad Khan

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Prognostic Utility of Baseline 25-Hydroxy Vitamin D Levels in Hospitalised COVID-19 Patients: Hope or Hype?

By Sibtain Ahmed, Lena Jafri

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Biohazards of Prolonged N95 Use: Effects on Arterial Blood Gases, Peak Expiratory Flow Rate and General Well-being of Healthcare Professionals during COVID-19 Pandemic

By Muhammad Hammad Athar, Usama Bin Zubair, Ujala Zakir

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Dermatology Teleteaching during the COVID-19 Pandemic

By Kerasia-Maria Plachouri, Francesk Mulita, Sophia Georgiou

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Vertical Transmission of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) from Mother to Newborn: Experience from a Maternity Unit, The Indus Hospital, Karachi

By Muhammad Azeem Khan, Vikram Kumar, Syed Rehan Ali

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Polycythemia in SARS-CoV-2 Positive Patients: An Early Screening Marker

By Taimoor Ashraf Khan

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Experience with Hemodialysis Patients in the COVID-19 Pandemic in Sakarya, Turkey

By Savaş Sipahi, Hamad Dheir, Aysel Tocoglu, Oguz Karabay

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Mental Health Consequences of the Coronavirus Pandemic

By Naeem Aslam Chughtai

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In-hospital Mortality after Liver Transplantation due to COVID-19

By Abu Bakar Hafeez Bhatti, Shahzad Riyaz, Aftab Akhtar

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Exergaming: An Effective Way to Maintain Physical and Mental Health at Home during COVID-19 Pandemic

By Nasir Sultan, Kiran Khushnood, Malik Muhammad Ali Awan

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A Diagnostic Challenge in COVID-19 Pandemic: PCP or COVID-19

By Muhammad Mohsin Sajjad, Sidra Yousaf, Sajjad Ullah

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Experience of Oculoplastic Practice in Times of COVID-19 Pandemic at a Tertiary Care Centre: Precautions and Challenges

By Mohammad Idris, Eemaz Nathaniel, Hera Fahim

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